Literally means Earth lord
According to the Histoire du Mechique, Quetzalcoatl and Tezcatlipoca tore apart Tlatecuhtli's body to form the surface of the Earth and out of her hair made the trees, and flowers and grasses, of her skin..flowers, of her eyes, wells and fountains and little caverns, of her nose valleys and mountains, and of her shoulders mountains. 
In Artwork This idea is reinforced with the tonalpohualli tonalli sign of Malinalli which at the base contains the bottom jaw of Miquiztli and from this base sprouts grass.
- An Illustrated Dictionary of The Gods and Symbols of Ancient Mexico and the Maya by Mary Miller and Karl Taube. pages 167-168
- Aztec Philosophy by James Maffie. Pages 1311-1313 (E-book version)